Welding is known to be a rewarding work. Knowledge of the mechanical drawings makes work easier with much more accuracy. Without such a set of drawings, it can be impossible to inspect a fabrication or something on which a previous worker has worked upon.
It is something that helps you find out the blueprint of any fabrication in the world even if you cannot speak the language of that region. Let’s understand what is welding and mechanical drawing and how it helps a welder perform better?
What are mechanical drawings?
Mechanical drawings exist since the time of Leonardo Da Vinci, who used symbols to accomplish his inventions. Mechanicals drawings make it easy to understand the basic structure of any fabrication in less time and enable a welder to work better on it. These drawings have specific lines and symbols that are used to understand the weldment.
Mechanical drawings welding symbols
Mechanical drawings include various symbols that can help a welder to learn how two pieces of metal have been joined together. There is a different symbol for every welding. It is simply shorthand for a welder to quickly review how a fabrication has come into existence. They are easy to read and save a lot of time that can get wasted in reading instruction about a certain piece.
Mechanical drawings also provide accurate information about the welding that helps any welder to inspect the type of weld present. Once you know the location of a weld, it becomes easy to work upon. Welding symbols also help in knowing the dimension. If a welder is able to understand the symbols that tell the dimension of an object, it makes it easier to build it accurately. Different views of a mechanical drawing for an object helps in evaluating the correct dimension and other details about it.
Why welders need to learn mechanical drawing
Since mechanical drawings are produced in a similar format throughout the world, we can call it a universal language of the welders. So, if you know how to read this, it becomes extremely easy to understand any metal fabrication, even if you don’t know the welder who has worked upon it before you. This makes it important for welders to learn.
The most common problems faced by welders is over-welding a fabrication. Over-welding can damage any structure and cause a big failure. Mechanical drawings and welding symbols allow a welder to understand the amount and type of welding required for a joint. This prevents over-welding and the object or the structure can be created without any flaws.
Mechanical drawings may also help welders who work on a structure which is a part of a big project. Since many people are working on it, it becomes difficult to know how to do the job without a mechanical drawing. Such drawing helps you understand the work better and accomplish a part of it that needs to be further fabricated.
If you know all the symbols, it becomes easy to understand the weldment that needs to be produced. Once a set of drawing has been made for a fabrication, different welders can work on it with the help of the blueprint without causing any failure in the manufacturing of it.
Types of technical Drawing:
Based on graphical projection technical drawings are of two forms.This is often accustomed to producing a picture of a three-dimensional object onto a two-dimensional surface.
- Two-dimensional illustration
Two-dimensional illustration uses writing projection to make a picture wherever solely 2 of the 3 dimensions of the item are seen.
- Three-dimensional illustration
In a three-dimensional illustration, additionally spoken as a pictorial, all 3 dimensions of the associated object are visible.
Method of a technical drawing:
A sketch is knownas freehand drawing. This type of drawing quickly is executed. t. In general, it is a quick way to record an idea for later use. This is a primary part of designing.
- Manual process:
This process of technical drawing is also known as the instrumental process of drawing. In the mechanicaldrawing, manual drawing is a very important part. This manual process includes several instruments to use like, T-scale, technical pen along the T-square’s edge etc.
Manual drawing helps to learn the different view of a machine like front view, bottom view, right view etc.
- Computer-aided design:
These drawings are executed by different computer-aided software like AutoCAD,SolidWorks, Autodesk suite etc. It not only facilitates the design but also it allows the simulation process and rendering by different software like Key Shot, Ansys etc.
Fig: A Parametric Design of a CNCmachine.(Computer-aided design)
Applications and examples of mechanical drawing:
Fig: Use of mechanical drawing in Welding.
Engineering drawings generally deal with mechanical engineered items, such as
manufactured parts and equipment and making assemblies.
CNC, lathe machine,Car, Furnace etc design all of these are a good example of mechanicaldrawing need
A mechanical designer producestechnical drawingsusing standardprinciple for layout, nomenclature, interpretation along withline styles, size, etc.
The purpose of this drawing is to capture all the geometric features of a product or a component with the utmost accuracy. The sole purpose of a technical drawing is to express all the required information to produce that component.
As a beginner, you may need to learn how to read the symbols and understand the relationship between welding and mechanical drawings to accomplish the task. These set of drawings will not only help you to produce flawless workpieces but also save a lot of time. The number of drawings may vary from projects to project however once you know how to read them, you can easily understand and start working on it. A mechanical drawing should have all the information required to build a weldment. Hence, it is extremely useful for any welder.